St Paul’s Cathedral has been here for over 1,400 years. It has been built and rebuilt five times, and always its main purpose has been as a
place of worship and prayer.
St Paul's, with its world-famous dome, is an iconic feature of the London skyline. Step inside and you can enjoy the Cathedral's awe-inspiring
interior, and uncover fascinating stories about its history.
Learning & Faith
Education is a core part of the Cathedral's work, delivered through a variety of events by St Paul's Forum, St Paul's Institute and the
Schools & Families department.
History & Collections
For more than 1,400 years, a Cathedral dedicated to St Paul has stood at the highest point in the City. The present Cathedral is the
masterpiece of Britain's most famous architect Sir Christopher Wren.
Behind the scenes, the cost of caring for St Paul's and continuing to deliver our central ministry and work is enormous and the generosity of
our supporters is critical.
Widely considered to be one of the world’s most beautiful buildings and a powerful symbol of the splendour of London, St Paul’s Cathedral is a
breathtaking events venue.
Remembering those who served in the Gallipoli Campaign
25 April 2017
Those who served and lost their lives in the Gallipoli Campaign were remembered at the annual wreath-laying ceremony at St Paul's on
25 April 2017.
Wreaths were laid at the Gallipoli Memorial in the Cathedral crypt on Tuesday 25 April by senior representatives of the nations
which suffered the most serious losses in the ill-fated eight-month campaign to secure the strategic stronghold of Constantinople, now Istanbul.
The Rt Hon. Mr Mike Penning, MP, Minister of State (Ministry of Defence)
Rear Admiral Nicholas Hine, Assistant Chief of Naval Staff Policy
Major General Ivan Jones, Chief of Staff Field Army
The Hon. Sir Jerry Mateparae, GNZM, QSO, KSTJ, High Commissioner for New Zealand
The Hon. Mr Alexander Downer, AC, Higher Commissioner for Australia
Admiral Patrick Chevallereau, Defence Attaché, France
His Excellency Mr Daniel Mulhall, Ambassador of Ireland
His Excellency Mr Abdurrahman Bilgiç, Turkish Ambassador
Captain Christopher Fagan, MBE, DL, President, The Gallipoli Assocation
As part of the ceremony, Mr Bilgiç delivered words spoken by Kemal Ataturk, the first president of Turkey, when he visited Gallipoli almost two
decades after the campaign in 1934.
The Gallipoli Campaign and the founding of Anzac
The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915 was one of the largest campaigns of the First World War and was especially to become known as a defining moment in
the histories of both Australia and New Zealand.
With stalemate on the Western Front, and the Russians under threat from the Ottoman Empire, it was decided to mount a naval attack on the Gallipoli
Peninsula with the aim of capturing Constantinople.
On 25 April 1915 British, French, Australian, New Zealand and other empire troops all landed on the peninsula but immediately came up against stiff
resistance from the Turks.
Trench warfare quickly took hold and a long siege began. At Gaba Tepe, later dubbed Anzac Cove, where the Australian and New Zealand forces were
based, conditions rapidly deteriorated in the heat, allowing disease to quickly spread and food to become inedible.
With the Allied troops moving nowhere and political crisis at home, a decision was made to evacuate in December that year.
In just eight months, of the 410,000 British, Australian, New Zealand and other Empire troops and 70,000 French who went ashore, 50,000 were
killed, with only 10,000 having known graves. 202,000 were wounded, evacuated sick or captured. The Turkish forces, with some Germans, numbered
about 350,000, of whom at least 66,000 were killed plus some 284,000 casualties.
Anzac Day, which is now the largest day of remembrance in both Australia and New Zealand, was born directly from the Gallipoli conflict and is
remembered each year on April 25. In both countries this campaign was a pivotal moment in history and helped create the Anzac Spirit of endurance,
courage, ingenuity, good humour, larrikinism, and mateship.
When Turkey became a republic, Kemal Ataturk was to become its first president. With magnanimity and statesmanship Ataturk extended a message of
comfort to the war widows and mothers of all the Allied troops of Gallipoli, which contributed greatly to reconciliation and to the friendship that
now exists between the allied countries and Turkey.
The Gallipoli Memorial
The Gallipoli Memorial, which is intended to commemorate all those who took part in the Campaign, was erected by the Gallipoli Association and
unveiled on 28 November 1995 by HRH Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh in the presence of eight surviving veterans.